Regional Research Station, Bawal

 

Dr. Satyavir Singh Yadav, Sr. Scientist (Soil Science) cum Regional Director

 

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Faculty

S. No.

Name

Designation

Contact No.

1.

Dr. S. S. Dashad

Sr. Scientist (Entomology)

9818827365

2.

Dr. Sushil Sharma

Sr. Scientist  (Plant Pathology)

9416442728

3.

Dr. Naresh Kumar

Sr. Scientist  (Plant Breeding)

9416371219

4.

Dr. Yash Pal Yadav

Sr. Scientist ( Plant Breeding)

9416282859

5.

Dr. V.S.Lather

Sr. Scientist (Plant Breeding)

-

6.

Dr. V.S. Beniwal

Scientist (Horticulture)

9812035606

7.

Dr. J. S. Yadav

Scientist ( Agronomy)

9416386060

8.

Dr. Bikram Singh

Scientist  (Agronomy)

9416417983

9.

Dr. D.V. Pathak

Scientist  (Microbiology)

9416632846

10.

Sh. R.A.S. Lamba

Scientist (Plant Breeding)

9416130855

11.

Smt. Abha Tikkoo

Scientist  (Soil Science)

9416747614

12.

Sh. Rajpal Deswal

Scientist (Forestry)

9416055808

13.

Dr. Naresh Kaushik

Scientist (Forestry)

9416498700

14.

Dr. Yogender Kumar

Asstt. Botanist (Barley)

9416320888

15.

Dr. Somveer Nimbal

Asstt.  Scientist (Plant Breeding)

9992911570

16.

Dr. R.K. Gaur

Jr. Entomologist

9466252302

17.

Dr. Amarjeet

DES (Agronomy)

 

18. Dr.P.V.S.Yadav Sr.Extn.Specialist  

Mailing Address

CCS HAU, Regional Research Station, Bawal (Rewari)-123501
Ph. 01284-260507, Tele-fax- 01284-260030, Mob.- 9416464544

The Regional Research Station 

The Regional Research Station was established in 1971 in this region when a project on Dryland Agriculture from Haryana Agricultural University (HAU), Hisar was shifted to erstwhile Dry Farming Research Center (DFRC) Bawal, initially with 4 scientists designated as Agronomist, Assistant Agronomist, Assistant Soil Scientist and Assistant Plant Physiologist, primarily to test the dry farming technology evolved under All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) for  Dry land  Agriculture located at HAU, Hisar, besides management of farm. Thereafter, several other projects viz., operational research project on pulses, use of brackish water, farming system, improvement of  pearl millet, barley, oilseed and forage crops, arid-horticulture, vegetables and livestock management, started functioning.  But the station reached to its real juvenile stage in 1979 when a team of 17 scientists from different disciplines joined hand to strengthen the station activities under National Agricultural Research Project (NARP). Henceforth, strengthening of the station was done under NARP (Phase II) in 1988, National Agricultural Technology Project (NATP) in 2000 and further under AICRP on castor in 2006.

Location

The research station is located at latitude 28.10N, longitude 76.50E and 266 m above mean sea level in South-West zone of Haryana. The station has about 100 ha land.  By road, it is 12 km from Rewari and 95 km from Delhi on Delhi-Mumbai NH-8.    

Mandate of the Station

i)             To generate production and protection technology for various cropping/farming/ horticultural/ agro-forestry systems for rainfed, limited irrigation and brackish water conditions.

ii)           Improvement of major cereals, pulses, oilseeds, fodders and horticultural crops.

iii)         Development of technology for improvement of soil conservation and management of water.

iv)         Survey, introduction and evaluation of indigenous and exotic material of crops and arid fruits.

v)           To develop post harvest technology for arid fruits.

vi)         Development of Agri-Silvi-Horti system for South-West Haryana

vii)       To develop improved management practices at Gaushala.

viii)     To produce quality seeds of crops and saplings of fruit trees.

ix)         Transfer of technology. 

On-going Schemes

 

Name of the scheme

Title of the Scheme

C (a) RSB-1-Plan Agri

Technology Generation and Refinement for Different Farming Systems for South-West Haryana.

C(b)Hort. 4  ICAR

All India Coordinated Research Project on Arid Zone Fruits.

C(b) PB. 4  ICAR

All India Coordinated Research Project on Rapeseed-Mustard at Bawal

C(b) RSB. 12  ICAR

All India Coordinated Research Project on Castor.

D-Extn. 7 NP (Agri)

Soil Testing Laboratory

RF-20

Production of Quality Seed of Cereals, Oilseeds and Pulses

Salient Research Achievements 

Research has been conducted at the station for three distinct farming situations prevalent in the region viz. (a) rainfed condition, (b) brackish water and restricted irrigation condition, (c) sufficient irrigation with good quality water.  In the present day context, the traditional crops like wheat in rabi and pearlmillet in kharif have failed to pay sufficient dividend to the farmers due to low price and high cost of cultivation.  In the quest for diversification, the farmers are looking for suitable and remunerative alternates.  The scientists engaged in research activities have developed technology for the cultivation of crops like guar, sesame, green gram, cotton, castor and cowpea in kharif and mustard, gram, barley fenugreek and fennel in rabi for commercial value, which can serve as suitable alternate under different farming situations.  The research achievements pertaining to crop improvement, production, plant protection, horticulture, agro-forestry and animal nutrition are summarized below as per the economic advantage and adoption by the farmers: 

 

A.   Crop Improvement

          Development of variety:  RB 24 (Geeta) and RB-50 of Indian mustard for 5 states including Haryana under rainfed conditions. 
Registration of tobacco variety: The only Hookah variety of  tobacco from Haryana registered  with National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), New Delhi as C-304
Registration of first tetralocular germplasm of Indian mustard: The only tetralocular siliquae germplasm of Indian mustard designated as RB-I (Raya Bawal-I) was registered  with NBPGR, New Delhi
Involvement in development and introduction of varieties in the zone.

 

 

Wheat            Sonak, WH 283, WH 416, WH 533, WH 542, WH 711, WH 896, WH 912, WH 943, WH 1025

Barley             BH 393, BH 902

Mustard          Laxmi, RH 9304

Gram               HC 3, HC 5

Pearl millet    HHB 68, HHB 94, HHB 117, HHB 67, HHB (Improved), HHB 146, HHB 197, HHB 216, HHB 223, HHB 234, HC 10, HC 20,

Guar               HG 563, HG 365

Moongbean  Muskan, MH 1K-24, MH 1K-25

Cowpea         HC 98-46

Fieldpea        HFP 9426

Ber                  BS-I           

B.   Crop PRODUCTION

     Soaking of til seed in water for three hours before sowing followed by shade drying enhanced germination (24%) and yield under rainfed conditions and gave Rs. 1500-2000/acre higher net returns over normal practice. Adoption of technology at farmer's field is 30-35 percent.

      Integration of 10 t FYM + 40 kg S + 25 kg ZnSO4/ha with recommended dose of fertilizer (80 kg N + 30 kg P2O5/ha) in Indian mustard enhanced seed yield by 15-20 percent and fetched Rs. 2500-3500/acre higher net returns over normal traditional practice. Adoption ranges from 50-60 percent.

      Clusterbean-mustard sequence proved economical than bajra-mustard in southern zone of Haryana due to introduction of short duration varieties of clusterbean. The technology resulted into Rs. 3000-4000/acre higher net returns over traditional practice and adoption at farmer's field is 60-75 percent.

       In mustard application of two irrigations, one essentially at branching (30-35 DAS) and other at flowering (60 DAS) or pod formation stage (100 DAS) if sown at conserved moisture. Almost all the farmers have been made aware of this practice.

       Package of seed crop of methi was developed and optimum sowing time is end of October to first fortnight of November. Contact farmers are adopting this package, percentage of which is around 10.

      Row spacing of 30 cm and seed rate of 15 kg/ha were found optimum for clusterbean varieties HG 563 and HG 365 under dryland and for fenugreek in irrigated conditions. More than 50% farmers have adopted this practice.

     Sowing of guar varieties HG 563 and HG 365 should be preferred in second fortnight of June. Majority of farmers go for this technology if it rains during this period.

     Sowing of wheat during first and second week was more productive than during third week of November. However, farmers sometimes delay the sowing of wheat due to non-availability of water in time.

      Metsulfuron is most effective weedicide to control broad leaf weed including Rumex spp. which is a serious problem in wheat. Most of the farmers interested in chemical weed control are using this herbicide.       

      In light textured soils of South-West Haryana. Sodic waters upto RSC of 12 me/l can be successfully used for pearlmillet, wheat, mustard, sorghum, dhaincha seed and desi cotton with gypsum as amendment. About 80-85% farmers of this zone are using gypsum as amendment under sodic water irrigation. The cost benefit ratio ranges from 1: 4.

   Under sodic water conditions, sprinkler irrigation system was found to be better than check basin/flood method of irrigation. Most of the farmers of light textured area are using sprinkler irrigation system.

      In light textured medium potash status soil, application of 40 and 60 kg K2O/ha was found to be optimum for clusterbean-mustard and wheat-pearlmillet rotation, respectively. Since about 95 percent soils of South-West Haryana are low to medium in available potassium status, the farmers have started using potash fertilizer in field crops.

    Application of 25 kg ZnSO4/ha in wheat-pearlmillet rotation was found optimum and almost all the farmers are using zinc fertilizer once in a year in double cropping system.

   Under sodic conditions, green manuring with dhaincha during kharif improved organic carbon content of soil and increased seed yield of mustard and wheat. Adoption of this technology is about 10%.

 

C.   Crop protECTION

      Sowing of methi (fenugreek) around October 30 escapes powdery mildew. This package has not reached to the users hence, needs dissemination.

      Seed treatment with Raxil 2 DS provides 100% loose smut control in wheat. This technology is popular among the farmers of the zone.

       Epidemiology of powdery mildew of ber, powdery mildew of methi, fig rust, Alternaria blight of cumin, yellow mosaic of mungbean and white rust of mustard have been worked out and the prediction equations have been developed. These equations have been very helpful in forecasting of the disease well in advance and there by applying control measures.

      Recommendations regarding control of powdery mildew of ber, black leaf spot of ber, Graphiola leaf spot of date palm and fig rust were finalized in group meetings of All India Coordinated Research Project on arid zone fruits. Powdery mildew of ber is the main bottle neck in ber cultivation. Almost all the orchardists are aware about its control strategies.        

      Seed treatment with Chlorpyriphos 20 ml/kg was most effective in controlling whitegrub infestation in pearl millet followed by imidacloprid, cypermethrin and fenvalerate @ 10 ml/kg seed each.  However, 15 and 20 ml of chlorpyriphos, quinalphos, cypermethrin and imidacloprid were better than 5 and 10 ml in controlling whitegrub in groundnut. This technology is adopted by about 70 percent farmers.

     Three alternate sprays of monocrotophos 0.03, fenthion 0.05 and carbaryl 0.1 per cent controlled the fruitfly infestation effectively. Digging the soil under tree canopy during summer and mixing with carbaryl dust @ 25 kg/ha also effectively controlled fruitfly.

      Seed treatment with fosmite 50 EC @ 6 ml/kg seed is recommended for the control of termite in wheat. This technology needs transfer for its adoption.

 

D.   AGROFORESTRY AND HORTICULTURE

        The tree species did not affect the yield of intercrops during 3-4 years of establishment. Number of farmers in this zone have started tree cultivation with drip irrigation, particularly the fruit trees. Due to the adoption of agri-silvi systems area under different agroforestry systems is increasing.

       Nursery and agro-techniques of Jatropha have been standardized at this station and farmers are raising Jatropha as boundary plantation.

        Ber variety Kaithli has been found best under Bawal conditions followed by Gola. Both of these varieties are being grown by 90 percent of the ber growers of this region.  

         In situ budding in ber was best and recommended for establishment of new ber orchards in this region. This practices is followed by most of the growers. 

        Spacing of 8 x 8 m gave best quality fruits in ber. This practice has been adopted by the farmers.

        Pruning of ber tree on 30th May gave the best results with respect to growth, yield and fruit quality. About 50 percent of ber growers follow this practice. 

         Pruning trees after 6 secondary branches on one year old shoots proved to be the best in improving the fruit yield and quality, however, most severely pruned trees (pruned after 4 secondary branches) produced larger and thicker shoots and maximum weight. About 80 percent of ber growers follow this practice.

          Aonla varieties NA-7, Chakaya and Kanchan has been found suitable for this region and all the new orchards of aonla at the farmer's field have been planted by these varieties.   

        Most of the ber orchards in Haryana were in deficient range with respect to nitrogen, in optimum range with respect of phosphorus and potash was in excess. The farmers were advised to use optimum dose of N and P for higher productivity and 75     % of the farmers have started to apply optimum doses of fertilizers

        Processing technology for bael (Aegle marmelos) and aonla has been standardized and products like bael squash, bael preserve, aonla preserve and dehydrated bael are produced commercially at this station. This technology has been adapted by some self help group and some youths of the area.

 

E.   MICROBIOLOGY

    Liquid culture production technology for cereals, oilseeds and other food crops was developed for the farmers of South-West Haryana and this technology has been adopted by most of the farmers of this region. Biofertilizer liquid cultures worth Rs. 76,000/- were sold during rabi season, 2006.

     Vermicompost technology through bed method using cattle shed waste and crop residue in 1 : 1 ratio was standardized and the knowledge was disseminated to the interested farmers. Technical help and verms are made available to the farmers in establishment of vermibeds.

International/National Awards Received by the Scientists/Team of Scientists

 

Name of Award / Distinction

Name of Scientist

Work for which Award /  Distinction  conferred

IPI-FAI Award  2010

S.S. Yadav
Abha Tikkoo
Sultan Singh 

For outstanding field work for Promoting balanced and integrated fertilizer use with emphasis on potassium.

AICRP on Pearl millet Best Team Award

Yash Pal Yadav

For notable contribution in pearl millet

AICPMIP Best Worker Award

Yash Pal Yadav

For outstanding research contribution in the field of Pearl millet improvement for the year 2009-10. 

Best Team Award 2008

Naresh Kumar

For notable contribution in mungbean research from Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur. 

J.V. Bhat Award for best publication

D.V. Pathak
Eva Yadav
P.K. Sharma
S.K. Sharma |
Manoj Kumar

Best paper award in Indian Journal of Microbiology for the year 2007, conferred in 2008.

Best Research Station Award

All Scientists

Overall research achievements during  2009 and 2010.

Recommendations in Package of Practices 

Based on the work done at the RRS, following recommendations have found place in package of practices:

 

           Clusterbean variety HG 365 should be sown at a spacing of 30 cm using a seed rate of 15 kg/ha.

            Short duration variety of clusterbean be sown in the end of June for higher seed yield

             For effective control of weeds in clusterbean, apply basalin @ 1 kg a.i./ha as pre plant incorporation in  sandy soils of the region.

            For higher seed and gum yield of clusterbean apply sulphur @ 20 kg /ha.

          Developed Agronomy in relation to sowing time, spacing and seed rate for newly identified variety HG 563 of clusterbean.

            Inoculation of oat seed with Azotobacter for better returns.

          Developed entire package of practices of the crop fenugreek and mothbean for the region particularly in relation to sowing time, seed rate, spacing, fertilizer requirement and irrigation management.

         Sodic waters upto RSC 12 me/l EC less than 4000 mhos/cm can be successfully used in light textured soil for pearl millet-wheat, pearl millet-mustard, fallow-wheat, fallow-mustard, sorghum (fodder)-wheat, sorghum-mustard, desi cotton-mustard and dhaincha-wheat rotation.

           Gypsum has been found to be better amendment than FYM for reclamation of sodic soil and water.

               Apply 50 per cent of recommended amount of gypsum on the basis of soil test before sowing of Kharif crops.

           Apply 100 per cent of recommended amount of gypsum on the basis of soil test if sodic field is kept fallow in Kharif season.

               Apply 100 per cent of recommended amount of gypsum on the basis of RSC of irrigation water before sowing of Rabi crops.

               Instead of keeping the field fallow in Kharif, practise green manuring with dhaincha before sowing of mustard crop.

          Seed treatment with Raxil 2 DS @ 1g/kg seed controls loose smut of wheat.

           Sowing of fenugreek around October 30 escapes powdery mildew.

           For the control of kherjal (Pluchea lanceolata), recommendation of Glyphosate has been included in the package.

               Two sprays of borax @ 0.1% at full bloom and after fruit-set were found the most effective in checking the fruit drop and cracking and in improving the yield and fruit quality of bael, immediately followed by 2, 4-D @ 5 ppm.                

               The change in the normal sowing time of wheat from October 25, to November 15 is recommended instead of November 1st to 25th for Haryana.

                Seed treatment with Carbendazim 50 WP @ 2-3g/kg seed followed by two sprays of Carbendazim 50 WP @ 0.1% at 50 and 70 days after sowing for the control of stem rot of mustard.

              Application of potassium @ 20, 20 and 30 kg K2O/ha for clusterbean, mustard and pearl millet, respectively, in coarse textured low to medium K status soils.

 

The following recommendations were finalized at various All India Coordinated Research Project Group Workers Meetings

 

          For higher yield and economic returns clusterbean should be supplied with 25 kg ZnSO4/ha as basal application, where soils are deficient in Zn.  In case the Zn is not given at sowing, it can be supplemented by one foliar spray of 0.5% ZnSO4 at 25 to 35 DAS. 

           Adoption of recommended practices alongwith thinning and detopping at bud initiation stage in mustard proved to be the most remunerative practice under low monetary input technology.

          Spreading of 5 t FYM/ha over planted rows of pearl millet was found beneficial for better plant stand establishment under rainfed condition in Zone A-1. 

       Adoption of clusterbean-mustard sequence and application of 40 kg S/ha to mustard was more remunerative over all other cropping sequences at Bawal.  Therefore, this sequence is recommended for South-western parts of Haryana. 

           In pearl millet-mustard sequence, application of recommended dose of fertilizer (80 kg N +30 kg P2O5/ha) alongwith 10 t FYM +40 kg S + 25 kg ZnSO4/ha in the mustard crop is recommended for southern parts of Haryana. 

        Carbendazim or thiophanate methyl spray @ 0.1% along with chlorothalonil as a substitute controls Graphiola leaf spot of date palm. First spray should be initiated after the pruning of infected twigs in September at the start of the disease followed by three more sprays at an interval of 15 days.

           Spray chlorothaonil (Kavach) @ 0.2% and copper oxychloride (Blitox-50) @ 0.3% for the control of fig rust disease. First spray is to be applied at the initiation of the disease followed by three more sprays at 15 days interval.

         On the basis of six years data, two sprays of Karathane (dinocap) or Bayleton (triademefon) at an interval of 15 days were recommended for the control of powdery mildew of ber.

       Two sprays of Bavistin @ 0.1% at 15 days interval along with  Blitox- 50 (copper oxychloride) as a substitute gives promising  control black leaf spot of ber.

      For the concomitant control of powdery mildew and fruit fly in ber, spray two to three times with monocrotophos (0.04%) + dinocap (Karathane) (0.1%) at 15 days interval.

          Three alternate sprays of monocrotophos 0.03, fenthion 0.05 and carbaryl 0.1 per cent controlled the fruit fly infestation effectively. Digging the soil under tree canopy during summer and mixing with carbaryl dust @ 25 kg/ha also effectively controlled fruit fly.